Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Potential and Limitation of Independent Living
Möglichkeiten und Grenzen selbständiger Lebensführung (MUG I-IV)

Topic
Housing, Urban Development and Mobility
Health and Performance
Relevance for this Topic
Country Germany
URL
More Topics

Governance

Contact information

Ulrich Schneekloth
TNS Infratest Sozialforschung GmbH
Landsberger Straße 284
80687 München
Germany
Phone: +49 89 5600-1424
Fax: +49 89 5600-1441
Email: ulrich.schneekloth(at)tns-infratest.com
Url: www.tns-infratest.com/.../..._und_Pflegebedarf.asp

Timeliness, transparency

The first results have been published about 1 year after data collection.

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)


Access to data

Conditions of access

Access to data

Conditions of access


Coverage


MuG I: Data collected from 1991-1993; sample size of 25,736 households and 2,950 individuals in need of care. MuG II: Data collected from 1994-1996; sample size of 535 institutions and 4,464 residents. MuG III: Data collected from 2002-2005; sample size of 25,095 households and 3, 622 individuals in need of care. MuG IV: Data collected from 2005-2007; sample size of 609 institutions and 4,229 residents.


1991


Random


National


18 years and older (MuG I & MuG III); 60 years and older (MuG II & MuG IV)


MuG I: community dwelling individuals 18 years and older; MuG II: people living in care homes; MuG III: community dwelling individuals 18 years and older; MuG IV: people living in care homes


The MuG I and the MuG III focus on the living situation of people in need of care living in private households. The cross-sectional surveys provide information on the type and degree of care need, specific medical needs, support network, arrangements of help and care taking, professional help, aid supply, residential environment, care-specific housing facilities, socio-demographics, material resources and region. The data allows for a trend analysis of the situation of people in need of care in private households between 1993 and 2002. The MuG II and MuG IV focus on the living situation of people in need of care living in institutions. The nursing staff was interviewed about the living situation and characteristics of the institution. The studies provide information regarding the home residents on socio-demographics, mobility limitations, form and degree of care need, care situation, residential environment, social contacts. In relation to the institutions, the following information was gathered: type, size and type of operation, care and procedure concept, range of services, professional situation in regard to number of staff, inclusion of family members and volunteers. The data allows trend analysis of the situation of people in need of care in institution between 1994 and 2005.


• Schneekloth, U., & Müller, U. Hilfe-und Pflegebedürftige in Heimen: Endbericht zur Repräsentativerhebung im Forschungsprojekt" Möglichkeiten und Grenzen selbständiger Lebensführung in Einrichtungen". Kohlhammer, 1997. • Schneekloth, U., & Potthoff, P. Hilfe-und Pflegebedürftige in privaten Haushalten: Bericht zur Repräsentativerhebung im Forschungsprojekt" Möglichkeiten und Grenzen selbständiger Lebensführung". W. Kohlhammer, 1993. • Schneekloth, U., &Wahl, H.-W. Selbständigkeit und Hilfebedarf bei älteren Menschen in Privathaushalten. Pflegearrangements, Demenz, Versorgungsangebote. Hrsg.: Kohlhammer, Stuttgart Beschreibungen BMFSJ. 2006. • Schneekloth, U., & Wahl, H. W. (Eds.). Selbständigkeit und Hilfebedarf bei älteren Menschen in Privathaushalten: Pflegearrangements, Demenz, Versorgungsangebote. Kohlhammer Verlag, 2008.

Coverage


MuG I: Data collected from 1991-1993; sample size of 25,736 households and 2,950 individuals in need of care. MuG II: Data collected from 1994-1996; sample size of 535 institutions and 4,464 residents. MuG III: Data collected from 2002-2005; sample size of 25,095 households and 3, 622 individuals in need of care. MuG IV: Data collected from 2005-2007; sample size of 609 institutions and 4,229 residents.


1991


Random


National


18 years and older (MuG I & MuG III); 60 years and older (MuG II & MuG IV)


MuG I: community dwelling individuals 18 years and older; MuG II: people living in care homes; MuG III: community dwelling individuals 18 years and older; MuG IV: people living in care homes


The MuG I and the MuG III focus on the living situation of people in need of care living in private households. The cross-sectional surveys provide information on the type and degree of care needed, specific medical needs, support network, arrangements of help and care taking, professional help, aid supply, residential environment, care-specific housing facilities, socio-demographics, material resources and region. The data allows for a trend analysis of the situation of people in need of care in private households between 1993 and 2002. The MuG II and MuG IV focus on the living situation of people in need of care living in institutions. The nursing staff was interviewed about the living situation and characteristics of the institution. The studies provide information on the home residents regarding socio-demographics, mobility limitations, form and degree of care need, care situation, residential environment, social contacts. In relation to the institutions, the following information was gathered: type, size and type of operation, care and procedure concept, range of services, professional situation in regard to number of staff, inclusion of family members and volunteers. The data allows for a trend analysis of the situation of people in need of care in institutions between 1994 and 2005.


• Schneekloth, U., & Müller, U. Hilfe-und Pflegebedürftige in Heimen: Endbericht zur Repräsentativerhebung im Forschungsprojekt" Möglichkeiten und Grenzen selbständiger Lebensführung in Einrichtungen". Kohlhammer, 1997. • Schneekloth, U., & Potthoff, P. Hilfe-und Pflegebedürftige in privaten Haushalten: Bericht zur Repräsentativerhebung im Forschungsprojekt" Möglichkeiten und Grenzen selbständiger Lebensführung". W. Kohlhammer, 1993. • Schneekloth, U., & Wahl, H.-W. Selbständigkeit und Hilfebedarf bei älteren Menschen in Privathaushalten. Pflegearrangements, Demenz, Versorgungsangebote. Hrsg.: Kohlhammer, Stuttgart Beschreibungen BMFSJ, 2006. • Schneekloth, U., & Wahl, H. W. (Eds.). Selbständigkeit und Hilfebedarf bei älteren Menschen in Privathaushalten: Pflegearrangements, Demenz, Versorgungsangebote. Kohlhammer Verlag, 2008.


Linkage


Instruments were in part standardised questions, scales and tests, e.g. measure on activities of daily living (ADL)/ instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) or cognitive impairment test (6CIT, Brooke and Bullock, 1999).


No

Linkage


Instruments were in part standardised questions, scales and tests, e.g. measure on activities of daily living (ADL) / instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) or cognitive impairment test (6CIT, Brooke and Bullock, 1999).


No


Data quality


Not possible to evaluate


All MuG surveys were carried out by TNS Infratest Sozialforschung under the direction of U. Schneekloth. The goal of MuG I and MuG III, as well as MuG II and MuG IV, were to be comparable in regard to methodological issues and content.


Not possible to evaluate

Data quality


Not possible to evaluate


All MuG surveys were carried out by TNS Infratest Sozialforschung under the direction of U. Schneekloth. The goal of MuG I and MuG III, as well as MuG II and MuG IV, were to be comparable in regard to methodological issues and content.


Not possible to evaluate


Applicability


The surveys provide a comprehensive picture of the structure and need for help and care. The MuG studies I and III focus on people in private households and the MuG studies II and IV provide representative data on people living in institutions in Germany. The MuG III also includes a small sub-sample of cognitively impaired persons, which allows for a description of the specific situation of people with dementia and their needs and care arrangements. If participants were not able to take part, a family member or other proxy was interviewed. To be representative of people in need of care, people over the age of 70 were oversampled for Mug I and III. Since all surveys gathered information on residential environment and characteristics of the residential home, the data is suitable for the analysis of housing needs among people in need of help and care. However, the data is not available for scientific use, although a wide range of indicators would allow analysis of the potential and limitation of independent living in private households and institutions. If there is interest in further analysis, this is done by the data holder. Therefore, the potential of this data is not used. The cross-sectional surveys focusing on private households were more likely to include people in need of care who were relatively independent and living on their own.

Applicability


The surveys provide a comprehensive picture of the structure and need for help and care. The MuG studies I and III focus on people in private households and the MuG studies II and IV provide representative data on people living in institutions in Germany. The MuG III also includes a small sub-sample of cognitively impaired persons, which provides a description of the specific situation of people with dementia and their needs and care arrangements. If participants were not able to take part, a family member or other proxy was interviewed. To be representative for people in need of care, people over the age of 70 were oversampled for Mug I and III. A wide range of indicators allow an analysis of the potential and limitation of independent living in private households and institutions, however the data is not available for scientific use. If there is interest in further analysis, this is done by the data holder. Therefore, the potential of this data is not used. The cross-sectional surveys focusing on private households were more likely to include people in need of help and care who were relatively independent and living on their own.


  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Andreas Motel-Klingebiel
  • (see Partners)