Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Work, unemployment and early retirement
Arbejdsmarkeds - og velfærdspolitikkens effekt på lediges arbejdsmarkedstilknytning

Topic
Work and Productivity
Public Attitudes towards Older Age
Relevance for this Topic
Country Denmark
URL
More Topics

Governance

Contact information

Contact: Leif Jensen, Head of CSSR
CSSR
Herluf Trolles Gade 11
DK-1052 Copehagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 33480820
Email: leh(at)sfi.dk
Url: www.sfi.dk/surveys_-_alphabetically-10676.aspx

Timeliness, transparency

N.A.

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Telephone interview (CATI)

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)


CATI-interview followed up by CAPI-interview if the respondents were not reached

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Telephone interview (CATI)

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)


CATI-interview followed up by CAPI-interview if the respondents were not reached


Access to data

Conditions of access


CSSR Open access. To use the linked CSSR survey/register data, you must be employed as a researcher at a CSSR member institution or involved in a joint project with CSSR researchers. Danish or international researchers who are affiliated with a CSSR research institution can access the data via their research associates in the CSSR research institution.


Data can be directly downloaded from the CSSR website.


Anomymised microdata and aggregated tables.


SAS, SPSS, Stata


The survey questions are in Danish, but have been translated to English.

Access to data

Conditions of access


CSSR Open access. To use the linked CSSR survey/register data, you must be employed as a researcher at a CSSR member institution or involved in a joint project with CSSR researchers. Danish or international researchers who are affiliated with a CSSR research institution can access the data via their research associates in the CSSR research institution.


Data can be directly downloaded from the CSSR website.


Anomymised microdata and aggregated tables.


SAS, SPSS, Stata


The survey questions are in Danish, but have been translated to English.


Coverage


The data was first collected between 2006 and 2008. The data collection period was extended because the initial response rate was unsatisfactory. Subsamples of recipients of early retirement benefits (n=1,765; all aged 60-64) and recipients of disability pension (n=514; of which 448 are aged 50-64) made up a sample of 7,544 respondents.


2006


The sample is stratified with an over-representation of certain groups. Group 1: Recipients of early retirement benefits based on the population of April 1, 2006 and those aged 60-64 as of October 1, 2006 (141,516 people). Group 2: Disability pensioners based on the population as of January 1, 2006 and those aged 18-64 as of October 1, 2006 (245,885 people). Group 3: CRAM-unemployed. The population consists of full-time unemployed (insured and non-insured) receiving unemployment insurance in the second quarter of 2006 (37,462 people). Group 4: AMFORA-activated. The population consists of individuals having been in activation for at least one month in the second quarter of 2006 (116,788 people). Group 5: Recipients of social assistance. The population consists of recipients of social assistance for at least two consecutive months in the last half of 2005 (115,388 people). Group 6: Employed. The population consists of individuals in the register-based employment statistic from November 2004. The register contains employed individuals seeking education, individuals temporarily outside the labour force and unknown (the rest group) (2,963,861 individuals).


The sample for all six groups is drawn from relevant registers at Statistics Denmark. This results in a net sample of 6,285 respondents.


Entire country


18-69


Recipients of early retirement benefits and disability pensioners - no skewness of real concern. "Employed/others" - over-representation of women and respondents older than 60 years. For the three groups of unemployed - data is more skewed. Women are overrepresented and there is tendency towards younger (18-29-year-olds) recipients of social assistance being overrepresented. More importantly, the unemployed in match group 1 and 2 are overrepresented, match group 4 and 5 are underrepresented. Share of unemployed in match group 5 in the sample: 2.4 per cent (CRAM), 7.1 per cent (AMFORA) and 20.1 per cent (social assistance). Share in the population: 3.5 per cent, 12.5 per cent and 25.1 per cent. Compared to the low response rate, the skew in the net sample is quite acceptable.


There are questions specifically for unemployed and early retired individuals, plus common questions for all respondents. The survey covers socio-demographic background and occupational status for the respondent and the respondent's partner. For the unemployed: Their own assessment of their chances for obtaining a job and what they do in order to improve their chances of becoming a job, assessment of the work environment at their former job. For the early retired: information about their last job, supplementary income, work environment in last job, what could have made them work longer, did the work place do something to retain them. For the employed: information about employment and work place, how did they get their current job, earlier unemployment, expectation about retirement.


A technical report about the survey is available in English at files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf

Coverage


The data was first collected between 2006 and 2008. The data collection period was extended because the initial response rate was unsatisfactory. Subsamples of recipients of early retirement benefits (n=1,765; all aged 60-64) and recipients of disability pension (n=514; of which 448 are aged 50-64) made up a sample of 7,544 respondents.


2006


The sample is stratified with an overrepresentation of certain groups. Group 1: Recipients of early retirement benefits based on the population of April 1, 2006 and those aged 60-64 as of October 1, 2006 (141,516 people). Group 2: Disability pensioners based on the population as of January 1, 2006 and those aged 18-64 as of October 1, 2006 (245,885 persons). Group 3: CRAM-unemployed. The population consists of full-time unemployed (insured and non-insured) receiving unemployment insurance in the second quarter of 2006 (37,462 people). Group 4: AMFORA-activated. The population consists of persons having been in activation for at least one month in the second quarter of 2006 (116,788 people). Group 5: Recipients of social assistance. The population consists of recipients of social assistance for at least two consecutive months in the last half of 2005 (115,388 people). Group 6: Employed. The population consists of individuals in the register-based employment statistic from November 2004. The register contains employed individuals seeking education, individuals temporarily outside the labour force and unknown (the rest group) (2,963,861 individuals).


The sample for all six groups is drawn from relevant registers at Statistics Denmark. This results in a net sample of 6,285 respondents.


Entire country


18-69


Recipients of early retirement benefits and disability pensioners - no skewness of real concern. "Employed/others" - over-representation of women and respondents older than 60 years. For the three groups of unemployed - data is more skewed. Women are overrepresented and there is tendency towards younger (18-29-year-olds) recipients of social assistance being overrepresented. More importantly, the unemployed in match group 1 and 2 are overrepresented, match group 4 and 5 are underrepresented. Share of unemployed in match group 5 in the sample: 2.4 per cent (CRAM), 7.1 per cent (AMFORA) and 20.1 per cent (social assistance). Share in the population: 3.5 per cent, 12.5 per cent and 25.1 per cent. Compared to the low response rate, the skew in the net sample is quite acceptable.


There are questions specifically for unemployed and early retired persons, plus common questions for all respondents. The survey covers socio-demographic background and occupational status for the respondent and the respondent's partner. For the unemployed: Their own assessment of their chances for obtaining a job and what they do in order to improve their chances of becoming a job, assessment of the work environment at their former job. For the early retired: information about their last job, supplementary income, work environment in last job, what could have made them work longer, did the work place do something to retain them. For the employed: information about employment and work place, how did they get their current job, earlier unemployment, expectation about retirement.


A technical report about the survey is available in English at files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf


Linkage


Education coded according to the DUN (Danish Education Nomenclature). Labour market position coded according to the Danish ISCO (DISCO88). Industry coded according to DB03 used in the registries.


Link to register data through personal ID. Survey available through CSSR Open Access beginning in Spring 2013.

Linkage


Education coded according to the DUN (Danish Education Nomenclature). Labour market position coded according to the Danish ISCO (DISCO88). Industry coded according to DB03 used in the registries.


Link to register data through personal ID. Survey available through CSSR Open Access beginning in Spring 2013.


Data quality


N.A.


N.A.


N.A.

Data quality


N.A.


N.A.


N.A.


Applicability


Strengths: A strength of this survey is its well-documented Technical Report: files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf
The survey has also been translated into English: files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf
Weaknesses: The survey uses small sub-sample sizes.

Applicability


Strengths: A strength of this survey is its well-documented Technical Report: files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf
The survey has also been translated into English: files.portal.aau.dk/.../...0Early%20Retirement.pdf
Weaknesses: The survey uses small sub-sample sizes.


  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Chantal Nielsen
  • (see Partners)