Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Spanish Survey on on Working Conditions , 2011
Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Trabajo, 2011 (ENCT)

Topic
Health and Performance
Work and Productivity
Relevance for this Topic
Country Spain
URL
More Topics

Governance

Contact information

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo (INSHT), Ministry of Employment and Social Security
Torrelaguna, 73
28027 Madrid
Spain
Phone: 91 363 41 00
Url: www.oect.es/.../

Timeliness, transparency

Data are delivered six months after collection

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, regular

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Type of data


Survey

Type of Study

Cross-section, regular

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)


Access to data


The latest data available (2001) can be accessed in a predefined table format, in Spanish, at http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t25/p453/a2011/&file=pcaxis, as well as the cross-sectional and longitudinal anonymised microdata (http://www.ine.es/en/prodyser/micro_ecv_en.htm; http://www.ine.es/en/prodyser/micro_ecv_lon_en.htm). Other information on general methodology is also available both in Spanish and English (http://www.ine.es/daco/daco42/condivi/ecv_metodo.pdf), while the personal and household questionnaire are delivered only in Spanish (http://www.ine.es/metodologia/t25/t2530453cues.htm).

Conditions of access


This survey is run by the Ministry of Employment and the Social Security. Anonymised microodata are available for free for users


Short delivery (a few days)


Aggregated tables and microdata. Also, a report on every survey can be downloaded in Spanish.


Simple access to data can make frequencies and cross-tables and charts quick and easy by selecting any variable of the questionnaire. Results are downloaded in Excel and Word format. Microdata can be accessed through the left bar (Data files) by signing an authorization document (information about the user and the objectives to develop) in SPSS, STATA and SAS formats (http://encuestasnacionales.oect.es).


Technical documents (objectives, questionnaires and methodology), tables and microdata are only available in Spanish. The first could be accessed at http://encuestasnacionales.oect.es (Documentos/Documents, Diseño de la encuesta /Survey design).

Access to data


The latest data available (2001) can be accessed in a predefined table format, in Spanish, at http://www.ine.es/jaxi/menu.do?type=pcaxis&path=/t25/p453/a2011/&file=pcaxis, as well as the cross-sectional and longitudinal anonymised microdata (http://www.ine.es/en/prodyser/micro_ecv_en.htm; http://www.ine.es/en/prodyser/micro_ecv_lon_en.htm). Other information on general methodology is also available both in Spanish and English (http://www.ine.es/daco/daco42/condivi/ecv_metodo.pdf), while the personal and household questionnaire are delivered only in Spanish (http://www.ine.es/metodologia/t25/t2530453cues.htm).

Conditions of access


This survey is run by the Ministry of Employment and the Social Security. Anonymised microodata are available for free for users


Short delivery (a few days)


Aggregated tables and microdata. Also, a report on every survey can be downloaded in Spanish.


Simple access to data can make frequencies and cross-tables and charts quick and easy by selecting any variable of the questionnaire. Results are downloaded in Excel and Word format. Microdata can be accessed through the left bar (Data files) by signing an authorization document (information about the user and the objectives to develop) in SPSS, STATA and SAS formats (http://encuestasnacionales.oect.es).


Technical documents (objectives, questionnaires and methodology), tables and microdata are only available in Spanish. The first could be accessed at http://encuestasnacionales.oect.es (Documentos/Documents, Diseño de la encuesta /Survey design).


Coverage


Data were collected for the year 2011 between October 19, 2011 and February 21, 2012 and consists of 8,892 interviews. Sampling errors according to economic sectors and workplace size are calculated. Weighting coefficients are also deployed to adjust data to the general population where the sample is drawn. Six waves of this survey have been carried out (1987, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2011) with 2007 being the turning point.


1987


Census tracts, dwellings and occupied persons, plus the activity and the size of the company.


Data framework is based on the Municipal register


Spain, with the exception of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla.


People aged 17 and over occupied in economic activities and living in family dwellings


The survey contents can be classified in several essential domains: - present working situation and contract types - work-place data (economic activity, number of workers) - occupation - environmental conditions at work - chemical and biological pollutants - safety conditions - exposure frequency to physical and emotional factors - preventive organisation - work schedule - training - violence at work - health status and health damages - personal data


• Carnero, M.A., & Martínez, B., & Sánchez-Mangas, R. “Mobbing and its determinants: the case of Spain”. Applied Economics 42(29) (2010): 3777-3787. DOI:10.1080/00036840802360112 • Citoni, G., & Mahy, B., & Rycx, F. “Work organization, performance and health: introduction”. International Journal of Manpower 33(3) (2012): 224 -232. • Narocki, C. et al. “Encuestas de condiciones de trabajo y salud en España: comparación de los contenidos del cuestionario del trabajador”. Archivos Prevención de Riesgos Laborales 12(2) (2009): 60-68. Available at: www.istas.ccoo.es/.../...de_condiciones%2012-2.pdf
. • Lillo-Bañuls, A., & Casado-Díaz, J.M. “Rewards to education in the tourism sector: one step ahead”. Tourism Economics 16(1) (2010): 11-23. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5367/000000010790872033
• López-Jacob, M.J. et al. ”Comparación de las lesiones por accidente de trabajo en trabajadores extranjeros y españoles por actividad económica y comunidad autónoma “. Revista Española de Salud Publica 82(2) (2008): 179-187. Available at: scielo.isciii.es/pdf/resp/v82n2/original3.pdf
• Salanova, M., & Grau, R.M., & Martínez, I.M. ”Demandas laborales y conductas de afrontamiento: el rol modulador de la autoeficacia profesional”. Psicothema 17(3) (2005): 390-395. Available at: http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3118.pdf
.

Coverage


Data were collected for the year 2011 between October 19, 2011 and February 21, 2012 and consists of 8,892 interviews. Sampling errors according to economic sectors and workplace size are calculated. Weighting coefficients are also deployed to adjust data to the general population where the sample is drawn. Six waves of this survey have been carried out (1987, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2011) with 2007 being the turning point.


1987


Census tracts, dwellings and occupied persons, plus the activity and the size of the company.


Data framework is based on the Municipal register


Spain, with the exception of the cities of Ceuta and Melilla.


People aged 17 and over occupied in economic activities and living in family dwellings


The survey contents can be classified in several essential domains: - present working situation and contract types - work-place data (economic activity, number of workers) - occupation - environmental conditions at work - chemical and biological pollutants - safety conditions - exposure frequency to physical and emotional factors - preventive organisation - work schedule - training - violence at work - health status and health damages - personal data


• Carnero, M.A., & Martínez, B., & Sánchez-Mangas, R. “Mobbing and its determinants: the case of Spain”. Applied Economics 42(29) (2010): 3777-3787. DOI:10.1080/00036840802360112 • Citoni, G., & Mahy, B., & Rycx, F. “Work organization, performance and health: introduction”. International Journal of Manpower 33(3) (2012): 224 -232. • Narocki, C. et al. “Encuestas de condiciones de trabajo y salud en España: comparación de los contenidos del cuestionario del trabajador”. Archivos Prevención de Riesgos Laborales 12(2) (2009): 60-68. Available at: www.istas.ccoo.es/.../...de_condiciones%2012-2.pdf
. • Lillo-Bañuls, A., & Casado-Díaz, J.M. “Rewards to education in the tourism sector: one step ahead”. Tourism Economics 16(1) (2010): 11-23. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5367/000000010790872033
• López-Jacob, M.J. et al. ”Comparación de las lesiones por accidente de trabajo en trabajadores extranjeros y españoles por actividad económica y comunidad autónoma “. Revista Española de Salud Publica 82(2) (2008): 179-187. Available at: scielo.isciii.es/pdf/resp/v82n2/original3.pdf
• Salanova, M., & Grau, R.M., & Martínez, I.M. ”Demandas laborales y conductas de afrontamiento: el rol modulador de la autoeficacia profesional”. Psicothema 17(3) (2005): 390-395. Available at: http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/3118.pdf
.


Linkage


NACE rev. 2 was used


Data are anonymous so no linking is available.

Linkage


NACE rev. 2 was used


Data are anonymous, so no linking is available.


Data quality


The accuracy of information, the correct application of the methodological standards in the questionnaires and the fulfilment of all technical procedures were consistently supervised on 100% of the interviewers, as well as all the questions related to the economic activities of the company where the interviewee is reporting to work.


The 2007 ENCT has changed the sampling procedure to get information about workers at their home, not at companies. So, it is not possible to make a rigorous comparison with all issues.


The sample focuses on the proximity and similarity of risks in relation to the economic activities classification (NACE 2009), aggregated in 12 activities, and the workplace size. It follows a multi-stage stratified procedure (census tracts, dwellings and an occupied person).

Data quality


The accuracy of information, the correct application of the methodological standards in the questionnaires and the fulfilment of all technical procedures were consistently supervised on 100% of the interviewers, as well as all the questions related to the economic activities of the company where the interviewee is reporting to work.


The 2007 ENCT has changed the sampling procedure to get information about workers at their home, not at companies. So, it is not possible to make a rigorous comparison with all issues.


The sample is focussing on the proximity and similarity of risks in relation to the economic activities classification (NACE 2009), aggregated in 12 activities, and the workplace size. It follows a multi-stage stratified procedure (census tracts, dwellings and an occupied person).


Applicability


This survey is carried out to complete several objectives as follows: - To identify and characterize the exposure to various occupational hazards; - To know those work environment factors that influence the health of workers; and, - To estimate preventive activities carried out in the companies. The main strength is focused on the sample size (close to 9,000 interviewees), which covers the complete Spanish territory, being representative when the economic activity and the size of the company are considered. The questionnaire is fully consolidated after the previous issues and the data quality is ensured. Amongst drawbacks, the duration of the questionnaire to be completed by means of the PAPI methods (without any computer assistance) must also be highlighted.

Applicability


This survey is carried out to complete several objectives as follows: - To identify and characterise the exposure to various occupational hazards; - To know those work environment factors that influence health workers; and, - To estimate preventive activities carried out in the companies. The main strength is focused on the sample size (close to 9,000 interviewees), which covers the complete Spanish territory, being representative when the economic activity and the size of the company are considered. The questionnaire is fully consolidated after the previous issues and the data quality ensured. Amongst drawbacks, the duration of the questionnaire to be completed by means of the PAPI methods (without any computer assistance) must also be highlighted.


  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Vicente Rodríguez
  • (see Partners)