Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Survey on Residents’ Mobility in Spain, 2006-7
Encuesta de Movilidad de las Personas Residentes, 2006-7 (MOVILIA)

Housing, Urban Development and Mobility
Relevance for this Topic
Country Spain
More Topics


Contact information

Sub-Directorate on Economic Studies and Statistics
Ministry of Public Works
Paseo de la Castellana, 67
28071 Madrid
Phone: 91 597 79 31
Fax: 91 597 85 02 / 03
Email: jmropero(at)

Timeliness, transparency

Approximately nine months

Type of data


Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Telephone interview (CATI)

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Access to data

Selected microdata are available for specific requests, which can be made by completing a form. Methodological information is only available in Spanish ( Defined tables (near 170) for daily mobility can be accessed, separately or as a customized Excel file in Spanish (, and for long-distance mobility (more than 130 tables or customized files) ( For the 2000-2001 survey, some information is accessible online (

Conditions of access

No. This is a specific survey run by the Ministry of Public Works

Short time for delivery (less than a week)

A report on the Survey was published to offer a wide set of tables (movements and travel, classified according the more significant features of interviewees). It can be accessed in Spanish at

Tables are composed in Excel

Information is only available in Spanish.


Wave 1: Data collected in 2006. It was focused on daily mobility and was collected from October to December 2006. The sample consisted of 49,000 dwellings and 230,000 movements. Wave 2: Data collected in 2007. It was focused on long-distance mobility and was collected from February 2007 to January 2008. The sample consisted of 56,000 interviews and 35,000 trips. The survey is a multi-stage, stratified sample (census tracts, dwellings and one person).


Census tracts, dwellings and one person from each dwelling

Municipal Register

All of Spain

All residents living in family dwellings, Spanish and foreigners.

Regions and provinces in 2006-7; regions in 2000-1.

For data collection on housing and mobility in working days, the time reference is the day prior to the interview. For mobility on the weekend, the reference days are Saturday or Sunday, chosen at random, immediately preceding the day of the interview. In the second phase, the reference is the month prior to celebration of the interview. Two types of questionnaires were composed for the first stage: one is for the general housing characteristics, people and vehicles, and another is specifically designed for the description of commuting (for weekdays and for weekend). In the second stage, the main dwelling and interviewees features are collected using CATI (origin and destination, transportation modes and duration).

• Casares, P., & Coto-Millán, P. ”Passenger transport planning. A benefit-cost analysis of the high speed railway: The case of Spain”. Atlantic Review of Economics, Colegio de Economistas, La Coruña 2 (2011): 1-12. ISSN 2174-3835. Available at:
. • De la Mata. ” La elección de destino según las características de las comunidades autónomas de residencia.” Cuadernos de Economía 33(91) (2010): 127–157. Available at:
. • Monterde, H. (Dir.). “Pedestrians' Quality Needs Functional Needs PQN Final Report - Part B1: Documentation”. COST Office (2010): 306. Available at:
. • Romero, J.M.P., & Tafur, J. “Small aircraft as a means of transport in Spain”. Int. J. Aviation Management 1(3) (2012): 217-229. Available at:
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• Sobrino,N., & Monzon, A. “Management of urban mobility to control climate change in cities”. 92th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board, Washington, D.C. (2013). Available at:




Data quality

Sampling errors can be considered low, in spite of the fact that non-sampling errors mainly come from the lack of sample representativeness motivated by the various incidents in the fieldwork produced in both phases of the survey. Questionnaires in the first stage were put through a process of statistical debugging to check a set of consistency rules, validity and completeness. In the second stage, the interviews had incorporated some validation checks that facilitated simultaneous correction of errors. After codified, quality controls to analyze travel inconsistencies were carried out.

The two issues were raised with the same methodological framework, but a few differences must be highlighted: In 2006-7, only one person with no restriction an age in each housing unit was interviewed in order to gain data quality (in 2000, up to 4 people over 15 years old), the number of questions were reduced to gain more efficiency on answers, less than 5 minute walking movements were not registered (in 2000, movements less than 10 minutes), and all long-distance movements (over 50 km) are now covered (in 2000. over 100 km).

In spite of having some methodological changes between the two waves (2000-01 and 2006-07), this survey has improved some aspects such as, in regards to mobility data, the provincial representativeness (vs. regional), the removal of some question to gain efficiency, only interviewing one person in each dwelling, and short movements (less than five minutes) are discharged. All these changes are oriented to broaden the scope of study of mobility in Spain.


The main objective of MOVILIA is to obtain information on mobility patterns of the population in Spain residing in family dwellings. Their characteristics and their determinants are the basis for conducting research on transport models that contribute to the infrastructure planning. The first stage is dedicated to the study of daily mobility, done for any reason on any given day (weekday and weekend), of "obliged mobility", to the workplace and educational centres, and the reasons for the lack of mobility. The second phase was planned to study long-distance mobility, which involves an overnight stay at a location other than the residence. This survey does not include some of the population that lives in family housing, such as those people who are residents in collective accommodations, tourists and the people who have not legalized their residence in Spain, mainly migrants. So, these groups have their own mobility patterns and, especially in certain zones, have a substantial impact on the transportation modes.

  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Vicente Rodríguez
  • (see Partners)