Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Study on Living conditions
Permanent Onderzoek Leefsituatie (POLS)

Uses of Technology
Relevance for this Topic
Country Netherlands
More Topics


Contact information

Department of Labour, Income and Living conditions
Statistics Netherlands
Henri Faasdreef 312
2492 JP Den Haag
Phone: Infoservice: 003188 570 70 70
Email: info(at)

Timeliness, transparency

Data is collected annually.

Type of data


Type of Study

Longitude survey: long-term study of random or different samples

Longitudinal study, continuous, different (person) samples

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Access to data

Cannot be downloaded directly

Conditions of access

Access to data requires: (1) Access fee (2) official authorisation (CCS)


Anonymised microdata

SPSS (default)

Contact data administrator (see contact information)


Data was collected between 1997 and 2008 (2009, 2010 and 2012; questions about general happiness can be found in the social cohesion module). The sample size used in 1997 was of 34,000 individuals and in 2008, 9,000 individuals.


Two-step sampling: 1) sample of municipalities 2) sample of people; monthly sampling; post-stratification

Municipal person registration

Dutch population in non-institutional households

No age restrictions

Representative of the Dutch population in non-institutional households

Detailed study of: General happiness


Linkable to other person databases through anonymised personal number

Data quality

Survey errors. Data are checked and corrected for internal inconsistencies.

Consistent method


Strengths: The survey provides high quality and coherent data.

  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Frank P. Pijpers
  • (see Partners)