Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Study on Living conditions - Participation
Permanent Onderzoek Leefsituatie (POLS)- Participatie

Relevance for this Topic
Country Netherlands
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Contact information

Department of Labour, Income and Living conditions
Statistics Netherlands
Henri Faasdreef 312
2492 JP Den Haag
Phone: Infoservice: 003188 570 70 70
Email: info(at)

Timeliness, transparency

Data is collected annually and released 9 months after collection.

Type of data


Type of Study

Longitude survey: long-term study of random or different samples

Longitudinal study, continuous, different (person) samples

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Access to data

Cannot be downloaded directly.

Conditions of access

Access to data requires: (1) Access fee (2) Official authorisation (CCS) Data also available through DANS.


Anonymised microdata

SPSS (default)

Related publications in English: Winkels, J.W. and P.C.J. Everaers. 1998. ‘Design of an Integrated Survey in the Netherlands: The Case of POLS’. Netherlands Official Statistics, Vol. 13 (Summer 1998).


Data was collected between 1997 and 2004 with a sample size of 5,000 individuals per year.


Two-step sampling: 1) sample of municipalities 2) sample of people; monthly sampling; specific weighting models for different modules

Municipal person registration

Dutch population in non-institutional households

Population aged 13 and over

Representative of the Dutch population in non-institutional households aged 13 and over

Brief overview of: Satisfaction with different aspects of life; family life, finances, education, society, general happiness.


Linkable to other person databases through anonymised personal number.

Data quality

Survey errors. Data are checked and corrected for internal inconsistencies.

No disruptions for the period 1997 - 2004.

Consistent method


Strengths: The survey provides high quality and coherent data. Weaknesses: The survey uses a relatively low sample size.

  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Frank P. Pijpers
  • (see Partners)