Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Swedish Generations and Gender Survey (GGS)
Svenska familjer i tiden

Intergenerational Relationships
Relevance for this Topic
Country Sweden
More Topics


Contact information

Elizabeth Thomson and Gunnar Andersson, Stockholm University Demography Unit
Stockholm University
Universitetsvägen 10 B
106 91 Stockholm
Phone: +46 (0)8 16 30 31; +46 (0)8 16 32 61
Email: elizabeth.thomson(at); gunnar.andersson(at)

Timeliness, transparency

Normally one year. Contact principal investigator for further information.

Type of data

Registry + Survey

Type of Study

Longitude survey: long-term study of the same sample

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)


Self-administered questionnaire

Access to data

Only for the scientific community. Contact principal investigator. General information on the international GGS website:

Conditions of access

Formal agreement as part of research collaboration. Institutional agreements, nominal costs and ethical considerations.

Depends on conditions of collaboration.

Mainly anonymised microdata and aggregated tables.

Data set is compatible with Excel, SAS, SPSS, STATA, Text, etc.

Information is available in Swedish and English.


More than 18,000 people have been randomly selected to represent the population. Each respondent represents a large group of people with similar life situations. The participants are asked about their own and other household members living situation. Swedish families in time is a panel survey, which means that many of those interviewed in 2012 will be asked to participate in shorter follow-up interviews in 2015 and 2018. By following the same individuals over time, we are able to study how people's family circumstances change through life. The Swedish GGS is organised by the Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA) in collaboration with the Aging Research Center (ARC) and Statistics Sweden (SCB). It is part of the International Generations and Gender Programme and will provide comparative data with a large number of countries about recent changes in family life-courses and relationships.


Age, sex, region, foreign background, etc.

Random sample in combination with official statistics.

The whole country.

The demographic research Swedish families in time is part of the larger international research project Generations and Gender Programme (GGP), which was initiated by the UNECE (United Nations Economic Commission for Europe). The main purpose of the GGP is to improve our understanding of demographic and social changes and the factors influencing these changes. The GGP is particularly important in the study of the relationship between children and parents (generations) and between pairs (genus). GGP consists of three main parts. A survey (GGS) which covers a wide range of demographic behaviors. A contextual database of national and regional cultural and political change. The last part of GGP includes research conducted using the data collected.

• Andersson, G., & Sobolev, B. ”Small Effects of Selective Migration and Selective Survival in Retrospective Studies of Fertility.” European Journal of Population, forthcoming. • Bengtsson, T., & Scott, K. “The World Population in Historical Perspective.” In: Burke, R., Cooper, C. & Field, J. (eds.) “SAGE Handbook of Aging, Work and Society” SAGE Publications Ltd., London (2013). • Neyer, G. “Welfare states, family policies and fertility in Europe.” In: Neyer, G., et al., (eds.), “The Demography of Europe”: Springer, Dordrecht (2013): 29-54. • Neyer, G., Andersson, G.,, & Kulu, H. “The Demography of Europe: Introductiom.” In: Neyer, G., et al. (eds), “The Demography of Europe” Springer, Dordrecht (2013): forthcoming. • Neyer, G., Andersson, G., Kulu, H., Bernardi, L., & Bühler, C. “The Demography of Europe.” Springer, Dordrecht (2013, forthcoming). • Neyer, G., Lappegård,T., & Vignoli,D. “Gender equality and fertility: Which equality matters?” European Journal of Population (online first) • Obucina, O. “Paths Into and Out of Poverty Among Immigrants in Sweden.” Acta Sociologica, (2013, forthcoming). • Thomson, E., Winkler-Dworak, M., & Kennedy, S. “The Standard Family Life Course: An Assessment off Variability in Life Course Pathways.” In: Evans, A. and J. Baxter Eds, “Negotiating the Life Course in Life Pathways” Springer, Dordrecht (2013): 35-52. • Thomson, E., Winkler-Dworak, M., Spielauer, M., & Prskawetz, A. “Union Instability as an Engine of Fertility? A Micro-simulation Model for France.” Demography 49 (1) (2012): 175-195 • Turunen, J., Book review: Linda McKie and Samantha Callan. “Understanding Families – A Global Introduction.” Forthcoming in Population, Space and Place.


Part of the international GGS-study:

Good conditions to link to other data sets if ethical, technical and economic considerations are solved.

Data quality

No major entry errors.

This data set is recently started and has a future orientation.

High level of consistency.


Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a pan-European research infrastructure ensuring sustainable knowledge base for academic research and population-related policy formulation. It aims to continuously make significant contributions to policy goals such as securing social cohesion, modernizing the social welfare system, strengthening the position of women in society, and improving future generations’ life chances.

  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Kenneth Abrahamsson
  • (see Partners)