Joint Programming Initiative

More Years, Better Lives

The Potential and Challenges of Demographic Change

Special Eurobarometer 393: Discrimination in the EU in 2012 (Wave 77.4)
Special Eurobarometer 393: Discrimination in the EU in 2012 (Wave 77.4)

Public Attitudes towards Older Age
Relevance for this Topic
Country Europe
More Topics


Contact information

Dr. Meinhard Moschner, Eurobarometer Data Service
GESIS - Leibniz Institut für Sozialwissenschaften
Unter Sachsenhausen 6-8
50667 Köln
Phone: +49 (0221) 47694-460
Fax: +49 (0221) 47694-460
Email: meinhard.moschner(at)

Timeliness, transparency

Data collected between June 2nd and June 17th, 2012; the report was released in November 2012.

Type of data


Type of Study

Cross-section, occasional

Data gathering method

Face-to-face interview (CAPI, PAPI)

Access to data

Access provided through DBK (Datenbestandskatalog) and ZACAT (social science data portal provided by GESIS – Leibniz Institute for the Social Sciences), both of which provide free access to complete ISSP data and documentation materials online; users must register online to obtain access and the data is only available for scientific analysis carried out in academic research and teaching. Complete Eurobarometer collections on DVD-R can be ordered online subject to handling charges of 25 € per DVD-R product. The most recent data is labelled “pre-release”, which means the data is restricted because it has not been fully consolidated and checked (data from the fall of 2010 to 2012).

Conditions of access

must register online and state the objective of the research project; fees are only paid when CD-Roms or customised data are requested. Researchers must also inform the Data Archive about when their research project is completed.

Immediate access for online retrieval, analysis and download after registration. For customised requests, data can be shipped the next day.

Questionnaires, tables, metadata, individual variable data, codebooks


Data and documentation are available in English.


Data collected between June 2nd and June 17th, 2012. Sample size was 26,622 with anticipated country sample of 1,000.

The first Special Eurobarometer survey was conducted in 1970, but this particular survey was first carried out in 2012.

Population size, population density and urbanisation

Multi-stage, random (probability) sample

All 27 EU Member states participated Used NUTS II to divide the regional units EU 15 (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) NMS 12 (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Republic of Cyprus, Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Slovakia) Euro Area (Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, the Netherlands, Finland, Greece, Estonia, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, and Slovakia) Non-Euro Area (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Sweden, United Kingdom)


This Eurobarometer’s main focus is on public attitudes towards elderly. More specifically the data cover a wide range of topics, such as diffusion and perceptions of discrimination on the grounds of age, disability, gender, ethnic origin, religion and sexual orientation; employment opportunities with regard to discrimination, crisis impact on discrimination, and effectiveness of public policies combating discrimination. The survey also pays special attention to discrimination in access to social services, i.e. health care.

• European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights. “Inequalities and Multiple Discrimination in Access to and Quality of Healthcare”. (2013). DOI: 10.2811/17523.




Data quality

Data is new and is still being checked for completeness and any errors.

The TNS Opinion and Social Network was responsible for carrying out the survey and partner institutes in each of the countries were assigned the task of completing the fieldwork in their respective countries.

No information about coding is provided.


The greatest strength of this survey is that it covers in a great depth the topic of discrimination. It also allows for a cross-country comparison. Furthermore, as it is a follow up survey of the Special Eurobarometer 296 ‘Discrimination in the European Union: Perceptions, Experiences and Attitudes’, it allows for a detailed comparison over time.

  • The information about this dataset was compiled by the author:
  • Diana Lopez-Falcon
  • (see Partners)